Objective 2: Conserving and restoring fungal diversity
The main objective of our Biodiversity Action Plan is of course the restoration and conservation of fungal diversity. In designing and carrying out this objective we are grateful for work carried out by Jenni Norden et al in the 2020 paper “Ten principles for conservation translocations of threatened wood inhabiting fungi”. This study outlines important questions and challenges when considering the introduction of a species of fungi to a new habitat.
- Appropriately targeted ecological research to be undertaken to identify the ecological requirements of regional fungi and the land management practices that would provide these conditions.
By focusing on regional fungi, researchers can identify the specific ecological requirements and the conditions that support their growth and survival. This research involves studying fungal interactions with other organisms, preferred habitats, nutrient sources, and climate considerations. Furthermore, understanding the relationship between land management practices and fungal habitats is crucial. Through field studies and experimentation, researchers can ascertain how practices such as controlled burning, sustainable logging, and reforestation impact fungal communities. The insights gained from this research enable land managers and policymakers to implement practices that create and maintain suitable conditions for regional fungi, ultimately contributing to the preservation and restoration of fungal diversity within their natural ecosystems.
- Existing areas of fungal diversity to be conserved and managed appropriately
Existing areas of fungal diversity serve as vital reservoirs of fungal species, playing critical roles in nutrient cycling, symbiotic relationships, and overall ecosystem health. Proper management entails understanding the unique ecological requirements of these fungal communities and implementing conservation strategies that safeguard their habitats. This involves protecting natural habitats from habitat destruction, pollution, and invasive species that can disrupt fungal ecosystems. Collaboration between researchers, conservationists, land managers, and local communities is essential to ensure the sustainable management of these areas. By prioritising the conservation of existing fungal diversity, we not only preserve the intrinsic value of these ecosystems but also support the myriad ecological services that fungi provide to the broader environment.
- Conservation and restoration actions to be initiated for species of fungi through a Species Action Plan
The Species Action Plan outline targeted strategies for the protection and revival of specific fungal species facing threats. It will provide a roadmap for preserving and revitalizing endangered fungal populations present at or near Coed Talylan. The plan is a dynamic tool that adapt to new information and changing circumstances, ensuring that efforts to conserve and restore fungal diversity remain effective and responsive. By focusing on individual species, these plans contribute to the larger goal of safeguarding the ecosystem as a whole and the invaluable roles that fungi play within them.
- Threats posed by non-native fungus species in the UK to be assessed and action taken to limit risk
Rigorous assessment methods will be employed to identify and understand the potential impacts of these invasive species on non-native fungal communities and their ecosystems. Through comprehensive risk assessments, experts will determine the likelihood of establishment, spread, and potential ecological disruptions caused by non-native fungi. Based on these assessments, strategic action plans will be devised to limit the risk and prevent further proliferation of invasive species. Swift and targeted measures will include measures such as early detection, public awareness campaigns, regulatory controls on imports, and swift management and eradication efforts where necessary. By addressing the threats posed by non-native fungi, the UK can safeguard its native fungal diversity, prevent ecosystem imbalances, and ensure the continued vitality of its natural landscapes.